Lots of specialist words and terms and abbreviations used in documents about SEND are unfamiliar to many parents and carers.
This glossary will hopefully help clarify some of these. If you feel something is missing from this list, please contact Kay Watson who will add it firstname.lastname@example.org
Autistic Spectrum Condition or Autistic Spectrum Disorder (we prefer ASC)
Autistic Condition Support Service
Augmented and assisted communication
Methods of communication that can help people who are unable to use verbal speech to communicate – often using technology
CAMHS (Child and Adult Mental Health Service)
Supporting the emotional and mental health development of children
Cognition and Learning
Characterised by difficulties in thinking, attention and concentration skills – dyslexia, learning difficulties etc
Developmental Coordination Disorder
Communication and Interaction
Characterised by difficulties in being able to understand and/or express yourself. Can also be difficulties in interacting with other people – Autism, speech and language difficulties etc.
Adaptions and changes teachers make to learning for children based on differing levels of need and attainment
Disclosure and Barring Service Check (DBS)
The government check all people working with children must complete
Educational Psychologists (EPs)
A professional who supports the school to develop its SEN provision as well as assessing and identifying individual children’s needs
Education Health and Care Plan (EHCP)
The document that replaced Educational Statements
The individual criteria a service states must be met before they can work with an individual/family.
English as an additional language (EAL)
Someone whose first language at home is not English.
Early Years and Foundation Stage – EYFS
Nursery and Reception classes
Health visitor/school nurse
Health Professional who monitors, supports and gives advice to families and schools on all aspects of children’s well-being and health needs.
Key stage 1 – KS1
Years 1 and 2
Key Stage 2 – KS2
Years 3 to Year 6
Local authorities are required to set out in their Local Offer information about provision they expect to be available across education, health and social care for children and young people in their area who have SEN or are disabled, including those who do not have Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans. Local authorities must consult locally on what provision the Local Offer should contain.
This is a statutory service commissioned by local authorities which is designed to help settle disagreements between parents or young people and local authorities over EHC needs assessments and plans and which parents and young people can use before deciding whether to appeal to the First-Tier Tribunal about decisions on assessment or the special educational element of a plan. Mediation can cover any one or all three elements of an EHC plan and must be offered to the parent or young person when the final plan is issued, but they are not able to appeal to the Tribunal about the health and social care aspects of the plan.
Professionals from the Health Service who identify, assess, support, monitor, offer advice to children, schools, families for children with functional, motor or sensory needs.
SENDCo (at St Luke’s, we use the term Inclusion Leaders)
Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator
Special Educational Needs List of children, so the school continually hold them in mind.
The document that reflects the statutory requirements of special educational needs and how the actual practice of the school meets them.
Sensory Needs Service
Brighton & Hove service of specialists who give advice, support and monitor children with hearing impairments and visual impairments
Sensory and/or Physical Needs
Characterised by impairment in some aspect of physical functioning or difficulty in sensory processing compared to ‘normal’ sensory profile – hearing impaired, vision impaired, sensory impairment, cerebral palsy etc.
A Statement of Special Educational Needs outlines what your child’s special educational needs are and the help that will be given by their education placement. These are now being replaced by EHCPs
Social, Emotional, and Mental Health Difficulties
Characterised by problems with regulation of emotion and/or social skills
Services that support the child and the family accessing the correct services and safeguard children.
Support programmes that requires specific training to deliver and targets a specific area of need
Speech and language therapists
Professionals from the Health Service who identify, assess, support, monitor, offer advice to children, schools, families for children with communication, social, language needs.
Additional adults who support the learning process, social behaviour and other needs of children.
A timetable showing the days events/lessons in pictorial or photograph form for children who struggles with sequencing their day and/or have difficulties with communication and/or reading